Ministry of Roads & Urban Development

Deputyship of Transportation Planning & Economics
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Iran's Infography



 Official name  Islamic Republic of Iran 
 Head of State  President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani
  National Day  11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)
 Capital  Tehran
 Area  1,648,196 sq km
 Land boundaries  4,137 km
 Sea boundaries  2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
 River boundaries  1,918 km
 Border countries  Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
 Climate  Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.
 Natural resources  Petroleum,  natural  gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur 
 Arable land  300,000 sq. Km                  18.2%
Meadows and pastures  900,000 sq. Km                   54.6%
 Forest and woodland  120,000 sq. Km                     7.3%
 Other   258,000 sq. Km                   15.7%
  Irrigated land  70,000 sq. Km                       4.2% 
 Agricultural products  Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts,  poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.
 Population   77.4 million (2014) (55% are below 30 years old)
 Population growth rate   1.34% (2012)
 Religion  Muslim                         99.56%
 Languages    Persian , Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
 Literacy (2011)  Total      84.2%
 Currency  Rial (IRR)
 GDP  448.2 billion US$ (2010)
 GDP per capita  6030 US$ (2010)
 GDP growth rate  6.4 % (2010)
 GDP (PPP) as share of world total
 1.09 %
 GNI Per Capita
  5,780 (US$)
 Total Imports  53451  million US $ (2012)
 Total Exports  98033 million US $ (2012)
 Foreign Direct Investment  4870 million US $ (2012)
Industries  Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies
 Electricity  Production: 232,955 GWH (2010) 
 Railways networks  12000 km (2013)
 Road networks  220000 km (2013)
 Ports  11 commercial ports
Airports  54 commercial Airports